Model of care

Model of Support


The fundamental philosophy of L’Arche Australia is the recognition of the value of the human person regardless of their intellectual disability.  Our experience recognises the ability of people with intellectual disabilities to welcome and accept others as they are is greater than people without intellectual disabilities.

We believe that this gift has an important and transformative effect for many people.  It enables and indeed assists each one of us to become more fully human and can therefore humanize our entire society.

That is, it can influence you in such a way that you views of other people will be transformed, and in particular if changes your view of people with intellectual disabilities to recognize their status as citizens who contribute to make our society a better place to live.

As a service Provider, L’Arche has a ‘community model’ of living, rather than a medical or social service model of care.

– As a faith-based organization L’Arche recognizes the spiritual and religious needs and aspirations of its members, and respects those who have no spiritual or religious affiliation. Our community and faith life inspire us to be open to people of differing intellectual capacity, social origin, religion, race, and culture.

– At L’Arche, people with intellectual disabilities, and those who assist them, live together and are equally responsible for the life of their home and community.

Some particular aspects of our ‘community model’ are:

Sharing home life together is at the heart of L’Arche

L’Arche communities consist of a small number of households integrated into a local neighborhood. Homes usually consist of four to six people, with and without intellectual disabilities. These people live in a family-like environment where each person contributes as he or she is able, helping with chores or cooking or perhaps bringing the gift of helping others to slow down and be more present to the moment. The core members, as the people who have intellectual disabilities are called, are at the heart of the home. The assistants represent diverse cultural and religious traditions and may come from various countries.

Some of our L’Arche communities also have some supported independent living settings or tenancy support programs. These programs include people with intellectual disabilities who live in their own tenancy setting and participate as much as they choose in the life of the L’Arche community and often have a particular relationship with one of the households.

The Importance of Relationships

Relationships are central in L’Arche. A L’Arche home is a place of growth, where each person is supported to attain his or her full potential. In the sharing of life together, each one also grows in self-understanding and understanding of others.

Decisions concerning home life are made as much as possible at a weekly house meeting. While government and related standards are fully adhered to, much effort goes into encouraging mutuality in relationships. There is a sense of shared ownership for the life and spirit of welcome that is typical of our households.

Mealtimes and Celebration

In our communities, meals are often times of laughter and celebration. The main meal of the day is almost always the evening meal and is usually delicious and carefully prepared, with attention to each person’s needs. The table is set attractively. Attention is given to seating so that those who need support have someone near them, and assistance is given with dignity and without undue attention. Conversation includes everyone. Each person has an opportunity to participate as they are able, perhaps helping pass various items, and to share about their day.

The spiritual dimension is important: Grace is said or sung at the beginning of a meal and after the meal there is usually a simple time of prayer. A candle may be lit, someone may offer a brief reading, and people take time in silence or, if they wish, may pray aloud, giving thanks or mentioning those whom they carry in their heart. Such simple times of prayer, done in an ecumenical or interfaith manner depending on who is present are, like the mealtimes, foundational to life in a L’Arche home.

Long-Term Friendships

Long-term stable friendships and relationships are important to any person’s growth and happiness. While L’Arche welcomes many assistants who come for a shorter experience of community, it also nurtures a body of long-term assistants and friends and former assistants who bring stability.

L’Arche homes are open and welcoming of the world around them and usually have a number of friends and volunteers. In addition, core members are helped to develop and maintain friendships outside L’Arche and to stay in touch with their family.